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Mediumship involves co-operative communication between an individual and the spirit of one or more personalities in the spirit world.

Mental Mediumship

Mental mediumship, as taught at the Arthur Findlay College, occurs through the medium’s own consciousness, without the use of the five physical senses. The medium relays what they feel, sense, see, or hear to the recipient. The faculties used by mediums are Clairvoyance (clear-seeing), Clairsentience (clear-sensing or feeling) and Clairaudience (clear-hearing).

Mediums can see (clairvoyantly), hear (clairaudiently), feel or sense clairsentiently) in their own mind’s eye (subjectively) or outside of themselves (objectively).


Clairvoyance is the ability to see anything which is not visible to the physical eyes. People, animals and objects can be seen clairvoyantly. It appears to the medium to be external to themselves.


Clairsentience is possibly the most commonly experienced form of mental mediumship. This requires the ability to sense the personality and presence, as well as physical attributes of a spirit presence. Mediums may feel the presence of spirit through touch and smell, as well as temperature changes and can sometimes experience through feelings or sensing howspirit personalities pass to the spirit world.


This produces the most precise and evidential form of mental mediumship because it is often objective and requires no interpretation. Mediums hear a spirit voice or voices which are inaudible to others. Again, this can be either subjectively or objectively.

Physical Mediumship

This can be defined as manipulation of energies and energy systems by spirit discarnate. This type of mediumship involves manifestations, such as loud raps and noises, voices (through direct voice), materialised objects such as apports, transfiguration,(where clear spirit faces appear in front of the medium’s face), materialised spirit bodies or body parts such as hands, legs and feet.

Physical mediumship is witnessed by everyone present regardless of whether they consider themselves psychic or not, whereas mental mediumship is only experienced by the medium through their own perception.

Experiments are occasionally carried out at the Arthur Findlay College for the production of physical mediumship and these are held in light, not darkness, and will be filmed for analytical purposes.